Pinus aristata – Also known as the Bristlecone Pine, this is thought to be one of oldest living trees known, about 2000 years old. It has a growth rate of 6 to 12 inches per year with bluish-green needles that are heavily flecked with resin. The habit of the plant is an irregular upright form. Its only demands are full sun and good drainage, not superior soils as it is native to the Rocky Mountains. It could be part of a landscape bed or as a stand alone specimen.
Pinus bungeana – Chinese Lacebark Pine is generally a multi-stemmed tree with a somewhat open habit. The habit of this conifer is upright with an oval shape. Its outstanding characteristic is the exfoliating bark that shows patches of brown, gray, green and white as it matures. Situate this tree in full sun with good drainage for optimum health. Pruning up of bottom branches will expose more trunk and greatly enhance the effect of the bark.
Pinus cembra ‘Glauca’ – This is the bluest form of Swiss Stone Pine, a conifer deserving space in any landscape. It is very slow growing when young, forming an upright pyramid that in many, many years may reach 30 to 40 feet. Plant in full sun with good drainage to enjoy the many years of beauty this specimen tree will provide.
Pinus cembra ‘Stricta’ – This cultivar of Swiss Stone Pine is a much tighter, denser version of the species. Blue in color, it is very slow growing and will take many years to attain 10 feet. This is a beautiful accent piece, not requiring too much space, so it would situate well in the middle to back of a rock garden. Full sun and good drainage are a must.
Pinus densi-thunbergii ‘Jane Kluis’ – A cross between Japanese Red Pine and Japanese Black Pine, this attractive dwarf is a low-growing, rounded conifer that has a place in any small garden. It has medium-green needles that surround a very light tan to white bud for exceptional winter interest. It needs to be planted in full sun with good drainage. Jane may reach 4 to 5 feet in height, but with candle pruning, it may be kept lower.
Pinus densiflora ‘Oculus-Draconis’ – The Dragon’s Eye Pine is a variegated form of the Japanese Red Pine. The yellow stripe on each needle surrounding the light-colored bud creates the “eye” effect. This conifer has an open habit and lends itself to sculpting for those who possess a creative eye. Plant the Dragon in full sun for strongest variegation and give it good drainage. Pruning will create more branch tips to further enhance the appeal of this tree.
Pinus flexilis – The Limber Pine is a western native that has proven to be a great tree for eastern landscapes. This is a medium size growing tree that may reach 35 to 45 feet at maturity, but is slow growing. Plant this blue-green needled conifer in full sun or just a little shade with good drainage. It is frequently multi-stemmed and can withstand cold and wind without injury. If you have the urge to tie the branch tips in a knot, go ahead, you will not break them.
Pinus flexilis ‘Cesarini’ or ‘Cesarini Blue’ – A slow growing conifer that will not take up too much space, this Limber Pine is a great choice for any sunny location. It is narrow and upright with brilliant powder-blue needles. And yes, you can knot the branch tips on this one too, just don’t forget to untie them.
Pinus flexilis ‘dwarf selection’ – This is most likely a named cultivar of Limber Pine, but Rob lost the tag so now we just call it ‘dwarf selection’, not even with capital letters. An educated guess would say that it is smaller growing than the species.
Pinus flexilis ‘Extra Blue’ – A large growing selection of Limber Pine, the name says it all. It has powder-blue needles and grows up to 12 inches per year to form a large, upright pyramid. This eye-catching specimen should be planted in full sun with good drainage with ample room to show it off.
Pinus flexilis ‘Vanderwolf’s Pyramid’ – If a fast growing blue needled pine is desired, this is one of the best selections to choose. Growing up to 2 feet annually, ‘Vanderwolf’ forms a very regular pyramid of a rich blue color. It always stays proportional, with a broad base that then tapers nicely at the top and resists breaking under snow and ice loads. In a grouping or as a single specimen, plant this Limber Pine in full sun with good drainage. This cultivar has become increasingly popular and is a great tree for a larger landscape application.
Pinus leucodermis – The Bosnian Pine is a handsome, dark green-needled conifer that holds its upright conical shape from youth. Similar in appearance to Pinus nigra, the needles on this one are shorter and just as stiff and pointed. It has some degree of salt tolerance and is not demanding of acid soils. It can grow up to 30 feet, so plant in a grouping or as a specimen where sun and space are available. For the botanical purist, Bosnian Pine also goes by Pinus heldreichii.
Pinus leucodermis ‘Compact Gem’ – ‘Compact Gem’ is a dwarf form of Bosnian Pine suitable for the back of a rock garden since it will grow to 8 feet in time. This gem has a deep green color and forms a narrow upright pyramid with nicely contrasting bright buds. Once established in its sunny location, this conifer is quite drought tolerant. While the rock garden is a good spot, using this tree as a small accent in the general landscape works equally well.
Pinus mugo ‘Mops’ – The American Conifer Society classifies this cultivar of Swiss Mountain Pine as a miniature since its growth rate is one inch per year. Perfect for a small space, especially a rock garden, this dark green conifer has a globose and very compact habit. Plant ‘Mops’ in full sun with good drainage.
Pinus mugo var. mughus – This Swiss Mountain Pine is somewhat variable in height and width but is always wider. This conifer is fairly fast growing and will need ample space to spread. Plant in full sun with good drainage to keep it full.
Pinus mugo var. pumilio – A variety of Mugo Pine, this dwarf form has much shorter needles and shorter stature than the species. The growth habit is spreading up to 10 feet and a height less than 3 feet. While not fussy about soil acidity, pumilio likes good drainage and full sun. It would work well in a large rock garden or grouped in a landscape planting.
Pinus mugo ‘Valley Cushion’ – This dwarf Mugo Pine would work very well in a rock garden in full sun. It has a flat bun shape and spreads slowly. Reddish-brown buds are shown off nicely against the medium to dark green, short needles. Plant in full sun with good drainage and enjoy this beautiful little conifer.
Pinus mugo ‘White Bud’ – A resinous coating on the buds of this dwarf conifer gives ‘White Bud’ its name. They show off nicely against the backdrop of dark needles. This cultivar stays very compact, low and globe-shaped, which makes it a great rock garden choice planted in full sun with good drainage.
Pinus nigra ‘Hornibrookiana’ – A witch’s broom found on an Austrian Pine in Rochester, New York, this dwarf is a beautiful addition to any landscape planting or possibly a roomy rock garden. It has dark green needles, and grows wide while staying low. It may eventually grow into a broad pyramid, but pruning can keep a lower profile if desired. The buds are light in color and show off nicely against the dark foliage. ‘Hornibrookiana’ likes full sun and good drainage.
Pinus parviflora ‘Adcock’s Dwarf’ – Japanese White Pine offers a huge array of cultivars whether from witch’s brooms or seedling selection. ‘Adcock’s Dwarf’ is a contender for special placement in a rock garden since it grows only a couple of inches per year. It has a gray-green, short, somewhat twisted needle that starts out as a compact globe. In time, this conifer may become more upright, but as with most P. parviflora types, pruning and candling can manipulate the plant to a desired shape. Full sun is best although light shade is okay, but good drainage is a must.
Pinus parviflora ‘Baldwin’
Pinus parviflora ‘Bergman’ – This offering of Japanese White Pine is a dwarf conifer that grows up to 2 inches per year. It is very compact and become broadly upright with age. With very blue-green needles that twist slightly at the end, it has the added appeal of bright red male pollen-bearing cones in spring. Plant ‘Bergman’ in a sunny rock garden or feature it in a landscape bed with low groundcovers around it.
Pinus parviflora ‘Gimborn’s Ideal’ – ‘Gimborn’s Ideal’ is a dwarf Japanese White Pine that grows less than 6 inches yearly. Blue-green in color, it has an upright, loosely pyramidal habit. Because of the shorter growth internodes, the needles appear congested, so that it strikes a lovely silhouette in the garden. With abundant cones forming near the terminal buds, this attractive conifer can be used in any sunny, well-drained location.
Pinus parviflora ‘Glauca’ – Blue Japanese White Pine is a large growing conifer that is quite popular in the landscape trade. It will grow a foot or more yearly and in time 30 to 40 feet tall. No two are exactly alike so with candle-pruning a great deal of character can be gotten out of each individual tree. Some are straight, some twisting, but all have a very blue color when planted in full sun with good drainage. This is a great specimen plant that should be given a lot of room to grow in the landscape. The cones stay on for a long period of time which add a particular winter interest if there is a snowfall.
Pinus parviflora ‘Glauca Nana’ – The dwarf form of Japanese White Pine is a blue, somewhat shrubby upright conifer. It is actually intermediate in growth rate, growing 6 or more inches per year. Pinching new growth can control the size and shape and allow the sculptor to come out in you. Plant this one in full sun with good drainage and give it a nice featured spot in the rock garden.
Pinus parviflora ‘Ogon’
Pinus parviflora ‘Templehof’ – This is one of the bluer Japanese White Pine and is one of the faster growers as well. It is upright and open when it is young, so some pruning would be necessary to keep it full. Plant this tree in full sun with plenty of room and good drainage.
Pinus ponderosa ‘Chief Joseph’ - Found in Coenosium catalog as Pinus contorta.
Pinus pumila ‘Dwarf Blue’ – Also known as ‘Glauca’, the dwarf form of Japanese Stone Pine is a spreading conifer only growing 4 to 6 inches per year. This conifer is a dark blue-green color that has a showy display of red cones in spring even at a young age. If a large space in a sunny rock garden is available, this is a great choice. Otherwise, fit into the foreground or edge of a landscape bed.
Pinus strobus ‘Blue Shag’ – A dwarf form of Eastern White Pine, this is a beautifully round and soft looking conifer. The color is a strong blue-green that contrasts nicely with other green or yellow plants in the rock garden. The growth rate is 4 inches annually and can attain a size of 4 to 6 feet. As with most pines, pinching the soft new growth candles can keep this one compact and tidy. This one does best in full sun and good drainage.
Pinus strobus ‘Fastigiata’ – Fastigiate White Pine is a large growing tree that outgrows its adolescent ugliness to turn into a very handsome plant. It has a blue-green color and very upright form that make it useful as a screening tree when space is at a premium. The tighter branching angle helps to reduce winter ice and snow damage that the straight species suffers. This large conifer should be planted in full sun with good drainage as a screen or as a single specimen.
Pinus strobus ‘Horsford Dwarf’
Pinus strobus ‘Merrimack’ – ‘Merrimack’ is a witch’s broom form of Eastern White Pine that is a dense globe with a silvery-blue color. With a growth rate up to 4 inches per year, this is a perfect candidate for a rock garden. This dwarf conifer wants full sun and good drainage and is considered by many conifer enthusiasts to be one of the best of the dwarf white pines.
Pinus strobus ‘Nana’ – Dwarf White Pine is a catch-all name for this conifer and probably has several cultivars that fall into this group, for instance Pinus strobus ‘Radiata’. ‘Nana’ has a blue-green color and a form that will be wider than it is tall. Some forms can reach up to 10 feet in height, but these plants benefit from pinching or shearing the new-growth candles which will keep them low and dense. Plant this conifer in full sun with good drainage. Consider the edge or back of the rock garden when choosing a site.
Pinus strobus ‘ Pendula’ – The weeping form of Eastern White can be as varied as one’s imagination and work will allow. This conifer weeps strongly and left to its own devices would become a mounding, expansive groundcover. If staked and trained properly, this blue-green, long-needled pine can become a large sculptural focal point in a landscape. As it matures, its large cones are an additional ornamental feature. Plant in full sun with good drainage and let the creativity begin.
Pinus sylvestris ‘Beuvronensis’ – A long-used dwarf conifer, this witch’s broom from a Scot’s Pine is a wonderful rock garden addition. It carries a globe shaped to flat topped form and a grayish blue-green color. Some pruning of the candles may be desired to keep it low and full. Place this plant in full sun with good drainage.
Pinus sylvestris ‘Globosa Viridis’ – A dwarf form of Scot’s Pine, this conifer has a unique look because of the dense, short-needled tuft at the terminal buds. A dusting of snow greatly enhances the beauty of this diminutive plant. It has a pleasing medium green color and the habit is upright and conical. An excellent rock garden candidate, full sun and good drainage are best.
Pinus sylvestris ‘Hillside Creeper’ – Give this cultivar of Scot’s Pine some room to spread, because it will form a low-lying mat of gray-green twisting branches. The needles take on a yellowish cast during the winter months. Growing up to 12 inches annually if planted in full sun, this conifer is not considered a dwarf. For a horizontal accent in the landscape, ‘Hillside Creeper’ is an excellent choice.
Pinus sylvestris ‘Repens’ – The buds highlight the gray-green color of this dwarf form of Scot’s Pine because of the heavy resin that covers them. It forms a mat no higher than 8 inches unless it is staked. Growing only a few inches per year, it makes a great choice to be in the foreground of any sunny landscape bed especially a rock garden or along a stone wall where it could trail.
Pinus thunbergii ‘Kotobuki’ – Japanese Black Pine boasts many excellent cultivars including ‘Kotobuki’. It is a dwarf conifer that is compact and somewhat columnar to conical in shape. Everything is smaller, the needles are only an inch in length, the buds are white and contrast dramatically against the dark green foliage. It shows excellent salt tolerance and is considered a great candidate for bonsai. Good drainage and full sun are needed.
Pinus thunbergii ‘Oculus Draconis’ – This is the other Dragon Eye Pine that is a cultivar of the Japanese Black Pine as opposed to the Japanese Red Pine. The needle is stiffer and longer than the red form but it has a similar yellow banding. The growth rate is in excess of 12 inches per year, so as a consequence it creates an open, airy habit. Pruning is needed to create and keep a shape that works best in the individual garden. Full sun and good drainage are needed. In addition, they exhibit good salt tolerance.
Pinus thunbergii ‘Thunderhead’ – Some debate exists as to whether this is a dwarf or semi-dwarf form of Japanese Black Pine. Either way this is a dark green tree with sharply contrasting large white buds that are especially appealing in the winter. As the buds break in spring, the white candles lengthen until the new needles emerge. The shape of this cultivar varies greatly being upright but asymmetrical. The sculptural look demands placement in a place of prominence with ample room to grow. It may reach 8 to 10 feet in height and get even broader. Full sun, good drainage and protection from severe winter exposure are recommended. As with the other black pines, it has a good level of salt tolerance.
Pinus wallichiana ‘Zebrina’ – The variegated form of Himalayan Pine, ‘Zebrina’ has a very graceful look with its long, blue-green, yellow-banded needles. It is upright and broadly conical with age, pushing growth in excess of 1 foot per year. The needles hang down creating a slight weeping effect. Protect this elegant tree from harsh winter exposure and plant in full sun with good drainage.
p. 1 (914) 669-5633
f. 1 (914) 669-5226
Fill out our form!
Current Business Hours
Monday - Friday
7:00am - 4:30pm
7:00am - 12:00pm
Current Business Hours
Monday - Friday
7:00am - 4:30pm
7:00am - 12:00pm